Биография Эрнеста Хемингуэя на английском языке. Biography of Ernest Hemingway
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Ernest Hemingway (21.07.1899 – 2.07.1961) - American author and journalist.
Ernest Hemingway was a well-known American author, journalist and winner of the Nobel Prize for the achievements in the field of literature. He received wide recognition through his novels and numerous stories. Other than that his life was full of adventures and surprises. His short but intense style of writing greatly influenced the 20th century literature. The prominent writer was born on July 21st, 1899, in the privileged suburbs of Chicago. His parents were intelligent people, who gave their children good education. His father was a doctor and he hoped that his son will inherit the love of natural science. He often took little Ernest on a fishing trip.
By the age of three, the boy knew the names of all the trees, flowers, birds, fish and other animals in the woods. His mother dreamt that he would become a good musician. She insisted on Ernest attending a church choir and playing the cello. However, the boy’s favourite pastime was reading books. He read all the books he could find in the home library. He particularly liked the works of Darwin and historical literature. He started writing at school for the magazine “Blueprint”. The first essay was titled “Judgment of Manitou”. The next thing he wrote was the story “It’s All about Skin Color”, which was about the backstage and dirty side of box. While at school, Ernest was a good athlete. His free time activities were football and box.
After graduating from high school, he worked for some time at Kansas newspaper. Meanwhile, the peace in the world was interrupted by the World War I. Ernest soon joined the forefront as a Red Cross driver in Italy. At some point he was seriously injured. In 1920s, he moved to France. There, he seriously concentrated on the literary work and wrote a series of outstanding and inspirational works. Among them, “Our Time”, “The Sun Also Rises”, and his most notable work “A Farewell to Arms”. This novel had an unprecedented success. 1930s were regarded as the peak of Ernest’s success. He returned to the USA and gained numerous fans across the country. In 1930, the writer survived a serious car crash and spent lots of years recovering.
After the recovery he went to explore Africa and then moved to Spain to take part in the Civil War. He fought on the Republicans’ side. At the same time he worked on the novel “For Whom the Bell Tolls”. This brave man was involved nearly in every war that took place at his time. This proves that he had a restless and lively nature. During the Second World War he spent lots of time in Cuba. He created one of his best stories there - “The Old Man and The Sea”. This work brought him the Pulitzer Prize. In 1960, the writer returned to the USA, already suffering from paranoia. Even the treatment in a psychiatric hospital didn’t help him. On July 2nd, 1961, he committed a suicide.